Saturday, September 15, 2007

Speed of light

Sayana (1315-1387) was a minister in the court of King Bukka I of the Vijayanagar Empire in South India; he was also a great Vedic scholar. In his commentary on the fourth verse of the hymn 1.50 of the Rig Veda on the sun, he says:

Tatha cha smaryate yojananam sahasre dve dve shate dve cha yogane ekena nimishardhena kramamana namo ‘stu ta iti


Thus it is remembered: (O Sun), bow to you, you who travers 2,202 yojanas in half a nimesha.

Unit of Time: Nimesa
The Moksha dharma parva of Shanti Parva in Mahabharata describes Nimisha as follows:
15 Nimisha = 1 Kastha

30 Kashta = 1 Kala
30.3 Kala = 1 Muhurta
30 Muhurtas = 1 Diva-Ratri (Day-Night)

We know Day-Night is 24 hours So we get 24 hours = 30 x 30.3 x 30 x 15 nimisha

in other words 409050 nimisha

We know 1 hour = 60 x 60 = 3600 seconds

So 24 hours = 24 x 3600 seconds = 409050 nimisha
409050 nimesa = 86,400 seconds
1 nimesa = 0.2112 seconds (This is a recursive decimal! Wink of an eye=.2112 seconds!)
1/2 nimesa = 0.1056 seconds

Unit of Distance:
Yojana is defined in Chapter 6 of Book 1 of the ancient vedic text “Vishnu Purana” as follows
10 Paramáńus = 1 Parasúkshma
10 Parasúkshmas = 1 Trasareńu
10 Trasareńus = 1 Mahírajas (particle of dust)
10 Mahírajasas = 1 Bálágra (hair’s point)
10 Bálágras = 1 Likhyá
10 Likhyás= 1 Yúka
10 Yúkas = 1 Yavodara (heart of barley)
10 Yavodaras = 1 Yava (barley grain of middle size)
10 Yava = 1 Angula (finger, or inch)
6 fingers = 1 Pada (the breadth of it)
2 Padas = 1 Vitasti (span)
2 Vitasti = 1 Hasta (cubit)
4 Hastas = a Dhanu, a Danda, or pauruSa (a man’s height), or 2 Nárikás = 6 feet
2000 Dhanus = 1 Gavyúti (distance to which a cow’s call or lowing can be heard) = 12000 feet
4 Gavyútis = 1 Yojana = 9.09 miles

Calculation:

So now we can calculate what is the value of the speed of light in modern units based on the value given as 2202 yojanas in 1/2 nimesa = 2202 x 9.09 miles per 0.1056 seconds = 20016.18 miles per 0.1056 seconds = 189547 miles per second !!



The speed of light is 186282.397 miles per second as per modern estimates.

5 comments:

Vishwanathan Nagarajan said...

i always used to look for someone collating all these great discoveries our indians did in the past... but all of these were somehow suppressed and never came to limelight...

good work from you my friend... lets tell this world that india was indeed a superpower once opon a time... and we had the greatest of the brains inthe world...

thanks again...

A proud india...

Anonymous said...

Great Work Buddy. aowsome inoformation and complicated calculation. Just want to point out 1 mistake. In English translation of Sanskrit Slok... I guess it should be second instead on minute i.e.. 1/2 Nimesa = 1/2 second not minute..
Rest is perfect.. Keep coming.. GREAT BLOG

Proud India

Ashok Kelkar said...

Great!! Its nice work. at one single place one can get knowledge of so many things. The achiologocal and written Proofs of many discoveries and inventions made by Bhartiyas are destroyed in Aakramanas by HUN, KUSHAN, SHAKA,MUSLIMS, and Chritians. Our culture is never burried like others. We have survived from all storms. Now we have to face Psuedo Secularism

Ravindra said...

Wonder ful site !!! It is about the right time that we should put our efforts in exploring all the inner meanings, correcting for age old conventions and phraseologies of ancient Rishis.

Since ancient indian texts were imparted with precise intention of passing on the knowledge to all future generations in an immutable form, they have used various practical symbols.

Using 'Yava' and 'Hasta' etc. as units of measurement, implies one important thing, the statistical constancy of sizes of 'grains' as well as Human height and limb proportions. The unit like 'foot' and 'inch' is also similar attempt.

Care should be taken to refine and explain each unit because any conversion factor that changes in this sequence will change ultimate conversion factor.

Anonymous said...

READ IT FULLY AND , THIS IS REALLY HELPFUL IF U READ FULLY

As per christianity, In 1664 s in a Bishops meeting - Irland bishop Usher along with his fellow bishops unanimously decided , "as per bible universe was created and came into existance at 9:00am on october 23 rd 4004 B.C." - just 6000 years back?

If you go back into the calculations as per bible First human being Adam’s birth was just 6000 years around.

Even Mankind started several dozens of thousands of years back

The BIG Bang Theory is in "ADHARVANA VEDA" in that veda there is a chapter "SATHAPATHA BRAHMANA" it says about evaluation of universe , which exactly matches with Bigbang theory>And the calculations of Hinduism exactly match with the science about universe and planets.And Hinduism says the earth is round ( IT says earth is BHUGOLA and BRAHMANDA – means round in shape. This is mentioned in the Hindu books written thousands of years back).Number of planets around sun, time taken by them for one rotation for each planet, their colours, size etc( These calculations were done thousands of years back by Hindus)And Hinduism says inetially there was a sound "OHM" it was considered as GOD and from God.The same greatness of Hinduism is accepted by new testament > The starting of New testament says "At the beginning there was a word …….. , it is GOD" The word is nothing but "OHM" of Hindusm>
As per God whatever be your belief whoever God you pray , as long as you do good you will be blessed. God is not a roadside street goonda to expect prayers to HIM only>


In Ramayana , Ravana was praying only Lord Shiva , he was not accepting other beliefs > So he was killed by Lord Vishnu. The attitude of people like Ravana who donot accept others' beliefs are devils and demons.


God is an intelligent and Knowledged person to understand this secular faith.

If a religion does not meet the social values and if it does not establish social harmony ... and violates social values ... then there is no difference between terrorism and religion.


By accepting Multiple number of Gods sentiment, through which social harmony and secularism can be established>

God or religion is not such a bad element to say it “there is only one god that is I , if u don’t pray me there is no use and I don’t save you at the end” ,> If God says it , he is not a god it is a DEVIL and Demon.
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PYTHOGORUS THEORY WAS MENTIONED BY BODHAYANA IN HIS BOOK BODHAYANA SULBA SUTRAS.

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REGARDING PLANETS

MARS -- COLOUR RED, VIDYUT KANTHI SAMAPRABHAM ( LUMINOUS), DHARANI GARBHA SAMBHUTAM( HAS THE FEATURES LIKE EARTH) , LOHABHUSHITAM( HAS METALS IN IT) ...

SATUN-- RAVI PUTRAM ( LIKE SUN LIGHT IT ALSO HAS A LIGHT RING)..

ABOUT ECLIPSE --- MARTANDA SAMBHUTAM ( CAUSED BECAUSE OF SHADOWS OF SUN LIGHT).. RAHU AND KETU ARE CHAYA GRAHAS ( THEY ARE JUST SHADOWS WITHOUT ANY PHYSICAL EXISTANCE), CAUSE ECLIPSE( MEANS ECLIPSE IS DUE TO SHADOW....

NEPTUNE AND FLUTO -- DISCOVERED BY INDIAN ASTROLOGERS THOUSANDS OF YEARS BACK WITH NAMES YAMA AND INDRA>. THEIR PLACES ARE LAST AND LAST BUT ONE IN SOLAR FAMILY FROM SUN. THESE TWO ARE NOT TAKEN INTO ASTRO CHARTS BECAUSE THEIR INFLUENCE IS AFTER DEATH , NOT DURING LIFE...

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Even the pope in his secret place of worship prays Shivalinga> It is given along with photo of Lord Shiva in Encyclopedia of Britanica>
*******
AT MECCA ALSO THERE IS SHIVA LINGA WHERE MUSLIMS DO PRAY FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD. THE SHAPE OF IT IS LIKE SHIV LINGA. MUSLIMS TREAT IT AS A STONE FROM HEAVEN.
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THERE ARE SOMANY .. LIKE THIS. JUST I GAVE A FEW..
U CONTACT ME OPENLY THROUGH THIS SITE IF POSSIBLE. ,I CAN ANSWER ANY DOUBT ABOUT HINDUISM.